MOOCs as a Method of Distance Education in the Arab World – A Review Paper

Raniah Samir Adham [], Karsten Oster Lundqvist [], School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading, United Kingdom

English Abstract

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in the Arab World are still in their infancy. Many Arab countries are now starting to launch their MOOC platforms; however, there are only a few who have actually implemented such systems. This paper will explore online learning, in particular the rise of MOOCs around the world and their impact on the Arab World.

The purpose of this paper is to give a true picture of the development of the first MOOC platforms in the Arab World. It will analyse in detail the concept, definitions, background, and types of MOOCs (xMOOCs and cMOOCs), as well as the main MOOCs platform in the Western and Arab worlds, and a timeline of the development of MOOCs. It will then observe the status of MOOCs in the developed world, opportunities in the Middle East, and the influence of Western MOOCs on the Arab world, from many perspectives, e.g. educational, religious, cultural and social.

Danish Abstract

“Massive Open Online Courses”, bedre kendt som MOOC, er stadig et ungt koncept i Arabien. Mange arabiske lande har started deres egne MOOC systemer, men der er stadig kun få systemer som er fuldt ud brugbare. Denne artikle vil undersøge online læring gennem MOOC bevæglesen og dens indflydelse i den arabiske verden.

Artiklens hovedformål er at give et fuldt billede af de første MOOC systemers tilblivelse i den arabiske verden. Den vil analysere konceptet, definitioner, baggrund og forskellige typer af MOOC kurser (xMOOC og cMOOC), desuden vil forskellige MOOC systemer blive beskrevet sammen med en tidslinie af deres tilblivelse. Artiklen ender med en status af forskellige MOOC systemer in den vestlige verden og undersøger forskellige muligheder i den arabiske verden, samt undersøger hvordan vestens MOOC kurser har influeret den arabiske verden fra forskellige perspektiver så som undervisning, religion, kultur og socialt.

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e-learning, distance learning, distance education, online learning, higher education, DE, blended learning, MOOCs, ICT, information and communication technology, collaborative learning, internet, learning management system, interaction, LMS,

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