Mathematical Intimacy within Blended and
Face-to-face Learning Environments

Oana Radu, [],
Tim Seifert, [],
Memorial University, Canada


This paper analyzes students’ mathematical intimacy, confidence, perseverance and flow experiences while learning mathematics in two settings. Are students more engaged in problem solving, more inclined to experience joy, more confident and persistent while doing mathematics in blended or in traditional learning environments? Students in a blended learning environment responded to two sets of items assessing mathematical intimacy, confidence, persistence and flow. The first set of items asked about mathematics in general; the second asked about these constructs in the context of MyMathLab. The factor structure from survey one was imposed upon the data for the students in the blended classroom, and a multi-group analysis performed. Results suggested that students in the blended classroom had slightly lower intimacy scores for MyMathLab experiences than for mathematics in general, but differences were not statistically detectable. However, the variance of the distribution of intimacy scores was larger for MyMathLab experiences because of a slight decrease in those scores. Slightly lower mathematical intimacy scores for some students in the MyMathLab framework might interpreted as a result of their inability of experiencing joy in doing mathematics in the brief period of time when they were solving math online. These lower scores of mathematical intimacy translate into decreased enjoyment and sense of well being that leads to poorer confidence, and slightly lowered confidence scores.

If you would like to read the entire contribution, please click here.



e-learning, distance learning, distance education, online learning, higher education, DE, blended learning, ICT, information and communication technology, internet, collaborative learning, learning management system, MOOC, interaction, LMS,

Current issue on De Gruyter Online

– electronic content hosting and distribution platform

EURODL is indexed by ERIC

– the Education Resources Information Center, the world's largest digital library of education literature

EURODL is indexed by DOAJ

– the Directory of Open Access Journals

EURODL is indexed by Cabells

– the Cabell's Directories

EURODL is indexed by EBSCO

– the EBSCO Publishing – EBSCOhost Online Research Databases

For new referees

If you would like to referee articles for EURODL, please write to the Chief Editor Ulrich Bernath, including a brief CV and your area of interest.