Open and Distance Learning: Cultural Practices in Nepal

Shesha Kanta Pangeni [sheshakanta@kusoed.edu.np], Kathmandu University School of Education, Nepal

Abstract

Nepali education culture is dominated by face-to-face tutoring. It has a long history starting from the Gurukul culture to the present formal schooling. Emerging practices of using technology in education have been promoting online learning as a form of distance education and gaining popularity. This paper focuses on digging out the contextual reality of open and distance learning (ODL) practices in Nepal beginning with an analysis and the author’s personal impression of the context. Core focus is placed to explore and discuss different thematic issues such as modes of learning associated education culture/tradition, flexible learning for Nepali students, ODL as a pedagogical tool for teacher education and implementation of ODL in Nepal. The author’s personal reflection, literature review, and insights from learning theories are meaningful to enrich the discourse. The paper concludes showing the promising future of ODL in Nepal as an option to traditional mode of education. In addition, attention is drawn on the need of Open University and role of existing universities for the successful implementation of ODL in Nepal to adapt acculturation of online learning by respecting the need of the new generation of learners at the age of Internet culture.

Abstract in Nepali

नेपाली शैक्षिक संस्कृति शिक्षक र विध्यार्थी एकैठाउँ भेला भएर सिक्ने सिकाउने प्रत्यक्ष शिक्षण प्रक्रियामै रुमलिएको छ । यस परम्पराको लामो इतिहास गुरूकूल संस्कृतिदेखि सुरू भएर अहिलेको औपचारिक विद्यालय शिक्षासम्म पनि कायमै छ । अहिले प्रयोगमा आएका नवीनतम अभ्यासलार्इ हेर्दा, शिक्षामा प्रविधिको प्रयोगले अनलार्इन सिकाइलार्इ खुला तथा दूर शिक्षाको रूपमा प्रश्रय दिएको पाइन्छ र यसले लोकप्रियता पनि हाँसिल गरेको देखिन्छ । यो लेख, नेपालमा खुला तथा दूर सिकाइका अभ्यासहरूको सन्दर्भ र वास्तविकतालार्इ खोतल्न, त्यसमाथि लेखकको वैचारिक प्रभावलार्इ विश्रलेषण गर्न, र खुला तथा दूर सिकाइका विभिन्न विषयगत समस्यालार्इ छानबिन र छलफल गर्नमा केन्द्रित छ । जस्तै, "शिक्षाको संस्कृति एवं परम्परासँग सम्बन्धित सिकाइ माध्यमहरू", "नेपाली विद्यार्थीहरूका लागि लचिलो सिकाइ", "शिक्षक – शिक्षाको लागि खुला तथा दूर सिकाइ शिक्षाशास्त्रीय साधनको रूपमा" र "नेपालमा खुला तथा दूर सिकाइको प्रयोग"। छलफललार्इ सान्दर्भिक र अर्थपूर्ण बनाउन विभिन्न लेख तथा रचनाहरूको पुनरावलोकन, सिकाइका सिद्धान्तबाट प्राप्त अन्तर्दृष्टि एवं लेखकका अनुभावात्मक चिन्तनहरूको प्रयोग गरिएको छ । लेखले नेपालमा शिक्षाको परम्परागत माध्यमको विकल्पको रूपमा खुला तथा दूर सिकाइको भविष्य राम्रो देखिन्छ भन्ने निचोड निकालेको छ । साथै नेपालमा खुला तथा दूर सिकाइको सफल प्रयोग गर्न खुला विश्वविधालयको स्थापना गर्नुपर्ने र हाल सञ्चालनमा रहेका विश्वविधालयहरुमा समेत दूर सिकाइको अवसरलार्इ महत्व दिनुपर्नेमा ध्यानाकर्षण गराएको छ । जसले गर्दा इन्टरनेट–संस्कृतिका नयाँ पिढीमाझ अनलाइन सिकाइलार्इ संस्कृतीकरण गर्न सकियोस् ।

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Tags

e-learning, distance learning, distance education, online learning, higher education, DE, blended learning, ICT, information and communication technology, internet, collaborative learning, learning management system, MOOC, interaction, LMS,

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