Attitudinal Factors Affecting Wiki Group Collaboration for English Writing

Chwen Jen Chen [cjchen@fcs.unimas.my], Kee Man Chuah [kmchuah@fcs.unimas.my], Jimmy Tho [masitan2001@yahoo.com.hk], Chee Siong Teh [csteh@fcs.unimas.my], Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia [www.unimas.my]

English Abstract

Wikis, being one of the popular Web 2.0 tools, have impacted students’ engagement and performance particularly in the aspects of second and foreign language learning. While an increasing number of studies have focused on the effectiveness of wiki in improving students’ writing skills, this study was conducted to examine the attitudinal factors that influence English as a Second Language (ESL) students’ group collaboration in using wikis for a writing task that was divided into three phases: pre-writing, individual-construction, joint-constructions. Data collected from these students after completing this task was analyzed based on three attitudinal aspects: motivation, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use. The findings reveal high mean scores for all aspects. Further multiple regression analysis reveals that motivation is the most important factor associated with group collaboration, indicating the need to boost students’ motivation to encourage effective collaboration in completing wiki writing tasks.

Malaysian Abstract

Wiki, sebagai satu alat Web 2.0 yang popular, telah memberi kesan kepada penglibatan dan pencapaian pelajar terutamanya dalam aspek pembelajaran bahasa kedua dan bahasa asing. Walaupun telah terdapat semakin banyak kajian yang memberi tumpuan kepada keberkesanan wiki dalam meningkatkan kemahiran penulisan pelajar, kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengkaji faktor sikap yang mempengaruhi kolaborasi kumpulan pelajar Bahasa Inggeris sebagai Bahasa Kedua (ESL) dalam menggunakan wiki untuk tugasan penulisan yang terdiri daripada tiga fasa: pra-tulis, pengarangan individu, pengarangan bersama. Data yang dikumpul daripada pelajar selepas tamat tugas ini dianalisis berdasarkan tiga aspek sikap: motivasi, tanggapan kebergunaan, dan tanggapan kemudahan penggunaan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan skor min yang tinggi untuk semua aspek. Analisis regresi berganda juga menunjukkan bahawa motivasi ialah faktor yang paling penting yang berkaitan dengan kolaborasi berkumpulan. Ini menunjukkan keperluan untuk meningkatkan motivasi pelajar untuk menggalakkan kolaborasi yang berkesan dalam menyiapkan tugasan penulisan wiki.

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Tags

e-learning, distance learning, distance education, online learning, higher education, DE, blended learning, ICT, information and communication technology, internet, collaborative learning, learning management system, MOOC, interaction, LMS,

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